Dipl. Ing. Dr. techn. Horst Felsch, Chemist, A 6391 Fieberbrunn, Austria
The title immediately raises a number of questions:
- how can water store information?
- what special molecular structure enables it do this?
- does water occupy an exceptional position in nature?
- why is water essential for all biological life?
FIRST AN INTERESTING EXPERIMENT
If a patient wants to have his small intestine medically examined, then there are basically two methods: in the endoscopic method a flexible probe with a small camera on the end is introduced into the evacuated intestine. The doctor can find out about the state of the intestine directly by looking at a screen.
In the slightly older method, that of radiological examination, it was necessary for the patient to swallow a contrast medium, usually a barium sulphate suspension.
This suspension was made by stirring a certain quantity of solid barium sulphate into water and the patient drank 1 litre or more of this mixture. Radiological filming then began immediately with the patient adopting various positions.
Barium sulphate has the ability to screen off radiation at a certain dose.
It is the chemicophysical and toxicological aspect which interests us here. Why?
Barium ions are toxic for the body and at a certain concentration lead to respiratory paralysis. How is it possible for a patient to ingest more than 1 litre and with it several grams of suspended barium sulphate and not show symptoms of poisoning?
If the nurse making the contrast suspension used barium chloride instead of barium sulphate, the patient would die of respiratory paralysis aftera few mouthfuls. The main difference between barium sulphate and barium chloride is aqueous solubility. Barium sulphate is often described as water insoluble. That is not quite true as, strictly speaking, there are no compounds which are absolutely insoluble in water.
One thing is correct however: The solubility product of barium sulphate is 1.07 x 10-b° mo1/1. That converts as 0.0022 g barium sulphate dissolving in one litre at 18° C. In contrast, barium chloride is 160,000 times more soluble!
The question now arises as to why these two salts have such different solubility and consequently different effects and what this has to do with the issue of information transfer by the water molecule?
A precise account of the process of dissolution will explain this:
Both barium sulphate and barium chloride form stable ionic lattices which are highly temperature resistant: it takes temperatures in excess of 1,400° C to melt barium sulphate; with barium chloride at least 960° C is needed.
If water comes into contact with the barium chloride crystal, then it succeeds in rupturing the lattice energy which holds together the positively charged barium ions and the negatively charged chloride ions. In the next stage, the water molecule sheathes the separated ions with an insulating layer (WATER CLUSTER) so that the positively charged barium ions and the negatively charged chloride ions cannot join together again. This process is known as hydration.
Energy is produced thereby = hydration energy. In general terms it is true that if the amount of energy produced in hydration is greater than the lattice energy holding together the ions in a solid state, then the substance is soluble in water.
For barium sulphate, this means that obviously the lattice energy between the barium ions and the sulphate ions in the solid crystal is so great that the water molecule cannot rupture it and the gain in hydration energy is not sufficient to achieve a positive energy balance.
The reason I have described the process of dissolution so precisely is that biological life can only be maintained through aqueous solutions. Foods we take in, all vitamins and trace elements can only be used by the body if they are either completely dissolved or what comes very close to a solution are completely emulsified (e. g. fats and fatsoluble vitamins). Only then can they be processed by the body.
This sentence could be expressed in another way: the information within a substance can only be read and processed by the living organism if this substance is available in the form of aqueous solutions. Hence: only solutions contain important substance information. Substances which are insoluble in water contain information which cannot be recognised by the organism (by the cells).
Barium chloride is water soluble. As a result, the solution contains hydrated barium ions. According to the current state of knowledge, the information to the organism “I am a toxic barium ion” lies in the species specific structure of the hydration sheath which forms in the process of dissolution.
Barium sulphate forms almost no hydrated barium ions. Consequently no harmful substance information reaches the body’s cells.
More on this in the next section:
HOW IS THE WATER MOLECULE MADE UP, WHAT IS A WATER CLUSTER AND HOW CAN THIS CLUSTER ABSORB, STORE AND RELEASE INFORMATION?
The individual water molecule consists of two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. This triatomic molecule has an angled, rather than an extended, structure. At room temperature this angle is 104.5°.
Viewed spatially, the water molecule has a tetrahedral structure. The oxygen atom is located at the spatial centre of this tetrahedron. The two hydrogen atoms project into two of the four corners. The remaining two corners are occupied by the free oxygen orbitals.
This difference in occupancy in the corners leads to “distortion” of the water molecule: the ideal angle in a completely distortion free tetrahedron is 109.5°. The large amount of space requiredby the oxygen orbitals reduces this angle in the water molecule to the aforementioned 104.5° at room temperature.
Spatial arrangement of water molecule in a tetrahedron. The two hydrogen atoms form an angle of 104.5° with the oxygen atom (at room temperature).
When water is heated, the angle slowly increases through energy input and does not reach the ideal tetrahedron angle of 109.5° until the temperature reaches boiling point, i. e. 100° C.
In addition to this distortion in its molecular structure, the water molecule has a second, highly significant characteristic: it is an extremely strong dipole.
This dipole arises through the high electronegativity of the oxygen atom of 3.5 against the rather modest electronegativity of the hydrogen atom of 2.2.
The more electronegative oxygen atom therefore draws towards it negatively charged bonding electrons from the two hydrogen atoms thereby acquiring a negative partial charge while at the same time depleting the two hydrogen atoms of electrons. This means: positive partial charge.
Dipole means two poles. The positive poles are located at the hydrogen atoms and the negative pole at the oxygen atom. However, the water molecule is neutrally charged on the outside.
The local distance between the negative and positive partial charge through the stated angle is a determining factor for the size of the dipole.
If the water molecule had an extended, rather than an angled, structure, then there would be no local separation of charge and consequently no dipole moment.
And now an astonishing statement which underlines, however, the importance of the water molecule’s molecular properties: In extended form, water would be gaseous rather than liquid and no biological life would have been able to develop on earth!
An, in itself, minor shift in angle from 104.5° to 109.5° in the water molecule is sufficient to completely change its properties!
These dipole characteristics give the water molecule the ability to bind other water molecules through so called hydrogen bridge bonds. This creates an ordered three dimensional structure (cluster). Water is therefore a “large molecule” at room temperature and consequently liquid. As a single molecule, water would be gaseous with a boiling point of minus 100° C and a freezing point of minus 120° C! Without the water molecule’s ability to form clusters, no biological life would have been able to develop on earth either.
According to R. MECKE (reference 1), the water molecule’s extraordinary abilities (high dipole moment, ability to form hydrogen bridge bonds and clusters) are the reasons for water’s 13 anomalies.
Through scientific studies on vibrational and rotational spectra, NEMETY and SCHERAGA (reference 2) established that, at room temperature, water displays a cluster size of around 400 to 700 single molecules. Individual water molecules pull away from the cluster when heated. Thus, the cluster becomes smaller and smaller.
Since the bond angle also increases as the water is heated, the dipole moment decreases. As a result, the hydrogen bridge bonds become weaker and consequently the coherence of the cluster. At 100° C only a few water molecules are still bonded. Therefore, water’s properties at this temperature are quite different from those at room temperature! (Question: why do we boil the water to make tea or coffee?)
HOW DOES THE CLUSTER FORMATION
RESULTING FROM THE WATER MOLECULE’S DIPOLE MOMENT EXPLAIN WATER’S ABILITY TO ABSORB, STORE AND RELEASE INFORMATION?
Here, once again, we need to examine water’s dissolution properties more closely.
Imagine a common salt ionic lattice consisting of positively charged sodium ions and negatively charged chloride ions.
If sodium and chloride ions are now released through the dissolution process, the following happens (recorded by slow motion camera): the negatively charged oxygen in the water molecule immediately docks with the positively charged sodium ion because it is attracted by the sodium ion. Due to electrostatic effects a total of 8 water molecules can dock with a sodium ion (as against just 4 for a potassium ion and 12 water molecules for a lithium ion).
The number of water molecules which are attached in the first hydration sheath (hydration number) is determined purely by the species specific properties of the particular ion.
Further secondary and tertiary layers, linked by hydrogen bridge bonds, are then deposited on this primary layer.
In this way, an ion cluster, species specific to each ion, is formed (see diagram on next page).
The water molecules in the surface layers of the cluster are now no longer firmly bonded to the ion but move about also according to the prevailing temperature. Water molecules become detached from the cluster and dock with another point approx. 1011 times per second (reference 3).
Water molecules, held together by hydrogen bridge bonds, group in a species specific manner around a cation (in this case, a potassium ion) = water cluster.
Since dipoles, in other words electrical charges, are in motion here, an ion specific electromagnetic wave is created at this high frequency.
H. FROHLICH (reference 4) makes an interesting observation on this point that the cell membrane also vibrates at the same frequency. The two can therefore resonate with each other and thus transfer information!
So, when a salt is dissolved in water, a large number of parameters change:
From a rigid ionic crystal, which is admittedly ordered yet incapable of storing information in the biological sense, develop ion hydrates which as a result of modifications are ordered and capable of storing information (ions with water sheaths). The heat tonality in the solution also changes as a result by the difference between the lattice energy and the energy produced in hydration.
The water cluster of pure salt free water alters in a dissolution process. This cluster is reorganised in a species specific manner around the ions, with the water molecules in this ion cluster being more densely packed and therefore of a higher order than in pure water.
At the same time the conductivity of the water changes and, depending on the salt, even the pH. Since a huge water cluster builds up around an ion, the ion’s migration rate in an electrical field changes and consequently the absorption properties through the semipermeable membrane of the cell or through its ion channels.
The solution’s freezing and boiling point, vapour pressure and density, osmotic pressure and taste are also all changed.
Consequently, when a salt is dissolved in water, “no stone is left unturned” in the truest sense of the phrase!
Modern water research starts from the assumption that the specific water cluster around an ion represents the actual information centre for the cell (reference 5, 6).
All the conditions which an information storage medium must meet are observed in this cluster:
Electromagnetic properties of the water dipole, high mobility of the surface molecules, high degree of order through the water cluster and stability of this order within a certain temperature range.
Various treatises (reference 7) contain a comparison relating to this: The storage capacity of one drop of water is considerably greater than the combined capacity of all the computers ever built.
Such comparisons are hard to prove. Nevertheless, based on the Avogadro constant, it is a fact that one drop (= 0.1 g) contains around 1021 water molecules. An unimaginably large number. In contrast, the actual number of computers on the earth is just a fraction of this.
The code contained in the water cluster of an ion, e. g. “I am a sodium ion” is recognised by the cell, i. e. the information flow does not pass straight from the ion to the cell but via the intermediate store of the hydration sheath. The cell is not able to reach the central ion directly due to this insulating water jacket. The ion is virtually covered by a water sheath which also protects it.
Now let’s sidestep to homeopathy
The effectiveness of homeopathic preparations is evidence that the information in a molecule dissolved in water is embedded in its water cluster. It is necessary to keep potentiating between individual dilution stages, i. e. kinetic energy is introduced into the water. The purpose of this energy is obviously to keep reproducing the water cluster according to the information design predetermined by the original solution (reference 5).
In homeopathy there are high potencies above the Avogadro constant, i. e. which no longer contain any actual ionic component, but only the water cluster itself which carries within it infoiination from the former ion.
An ion’s information is filed in its cluster. If the central ion is missing at high potencies, the information and thus its effectiveness is still present as the water cluster is preserved by potentiation.
Let’s return to the actual topic
As the water cluster is held together by hydrogen bridge bonds, it must be possible therefore to erase the information by rupturing these, in themselves, weak bonds. This actually happens too: KARL TRINCHER (reference 8) has identified that water’s highest information transfer rate is at around 37° C (see diagram at bottom). If the temperature is increased further, this transfer rate falls and with it the information content. At 60° C water is no longer able to convey information.
Another interesting fact in this connection
According to TRINCHER (reference 8), above 60° C, water no longer has any anomalies but behaves (quote) £… like a normal liquid!”
Also when it cools, where the mobility of the outer water dipoles is reduced, the rate of information transfer also falls. At 0° C water freezes to ice. The rigid hexagonal water structures which develop are no longer able to absorb and pass on information as they are immobile.
It is interesting that the aforementioned 37° C is not just the body temperature of warmblooded organisms. At this temperature water has its minimum specific heat!
The characteristics of water and warmblooded creatures are thus in good tune with each other.
According to these explanations, information is stored in water clusters. The actual ability to store information depends upon the temperature of the water and its heterogeneous structure. Water even has a kind of long term memory (reference 9). This long term memory depends upon the strength of the bonds in the water cluster. I have already mentioned that the water molecules docking with an ion make a somewhat stronger bond with this, leading to the cluster around the central ion becoming compressed. Here is a quote from the aforementioned reference: “The long term memory still retains the information even when the substance which has stored the information is removed by cleaning measures or can no longer be detected due to high dilutions (example of homeopathically effective potencies above D 30).”
So much for information storage.
HOW IS INFORMATION TRANSFERRED?
By virtue of its moving dipoles, water represents a vibrating system which forms an electromagnetic field. Two conditions are required of all vibrating systems for information to be transferred according to the transmitter receiver principle:
The coherence of the vibration and the resulting resonance which stimulates an oscillatory system to vibrate with it.
The transmitter and receiver need to have the same vibrational frequency to resonate, in other words, increase the amplitude of the vibration. The higher the degree of coherence, the more sustained the informative effect. In this state very little energy is expended (reference 9).
It is completely immaterial for information transfer whether the vibrating system consists of electric dipoles, photons or phonons. According to FROHLICH (reference 10), the vibrations of the three above mentioned systems (dipoles, photons and phonons) seek a common coherent state. Prof. Popp drew an interesting comparison on this point in a lecture:
“We can be better understood as oscillatory structures than as chemical reactors. We have a large number of tuning forks in our bodies.
This effect of communicating via the interference of coherent waves is the very principle ofbiological organisation. It is the principle behind how individual cells communicate with each other and build up highly specific structures and forms. It is the principle behind the organisation of organs; it is the principle behind the organisation of the morphogenesis of the liver or a person’s size, for example. It is always this simple principle!”
The dipole molecule water plays a central role in this communication between vibrating systems.
MEDICINAL AND PHYSICAL EFFECTS
From a medicinal viewpoint, ions are generally regarded as “naked” electrically charged particles. The fact that each ion is surrounded by a speciesspecific hydration sheath, i. e. a water cluster, is very often ignored. Hydrated ions (and these are the only sort) take up far more space than a naked ion. The space required is characterised by the ionic radius.
We know that the cell membrane does not allow any ions to pass through its double lipid layer. This would consume too much energy. To allow ions to be transported passively, the cell membranes have so called ion channels for sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium and chloride ions. These ion channels are a specific size and at the same time selective, i. e. they allow only the named ions together with their hydration sheaths through. These ion channels can even be electrically controlled to maintain a certain osmotic pressure in the cell.
This also explains the development of cell potential, i. e. cell potential always depends upon the concentration of hydrated ions in the cell.
Absorption problems sometimes occur with drugs due to the larger diameter of hydrated ions compared with non ionised compounds: acetyl salicylic acid, for example, is absorbed much better in an acid than in an alkaline region.
In an acid region (i. e. in the stomach), ionisation of the acetyl salicylic acid is suppressed. The non ionised elements predominate and are also smaller (as they do not have hydration sheaths). They are absorbed quicker.
If acetyl salicylic acid reaches the alkaline intestinal region, an acetyl salicylic salt is produced from the acid through neutralisation. The acetyl salicylate ion acquires a large hydration sheath and thus becomes so bulky that it can no longer be absorbed. This is also the reason why acetyl sali cylic acid cannot be offered as a sodium salt (which is gentle on the stomach). It is not absorbed and therefore is not effective.
The effectiveness of homeopathy has already been mentioned. Here substance information is transferred without a blood level being measurable
Can harmful environmental influences change the properties of water to such an extent that it loses the ability to absorb, store and pass on information? Can harmful substance information in water damage our health?
Of course this can happen. If we start from the assumption that water is an information carrier, then it is not sufficient to chlorinate water, add coagulants and pass it through filters to remove the dirt adhering to it.
Prof. Popp once drew a comparison here too in that he described our rivers as homeopathic potencies of an infinite number of constituents.
THEODOR SCHWENK (reference 11) has shown with his drop images that a structural loss occurs in contaminated water.
The changes in the ice crystal photos of the Japanese MASARU EMOTO (reference 12) can be interpreted in similar fashion.
A structural loss always means a structural change in the water molecule. It is assumed that the tetrahedron angle of the water molecule alters slightly. This also involves a change in the dipole moment.
This in turn influences the bond strength of the hydrogen bridge bonds and thereby the strength of the water cluster and its information, storage and transfer properties.
Water altered in this way is generally no longer able to self regenerate.
Is it possible to rid water of harmful substance information?
Johann Grander has devised an effective resource here with his GranderoTechnologie.
This system has been proven to restore water’s ability to regenerate and thereby to improve its overall quality. The erasing of harmful substance oscillations from water activated using Grander’s method was demonstrated with the luminescent bacteria test in laboratory experiments on the heavy metals lead, cadmium and mercury (reference 13).
ON THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF INFORMATION TRANSFER
Many of these properties have already been addressed in this paper. If water (and here I refer primarily to cell water) loses its ability to store, absorb and pass on information, this cell can also no longer fulfil its role in the whole cell union. As Prof. Popp would say, the frequency of this cell tuning fork would be different, leading to disharmony.
GEORGES LAKHOVSKY (reference 14) wrote the following back in 1931 in his book “Das Geheimnis des Lebens” [The Secret of Life] in the chapter “Cell changes and disruption to the vibrational equilibrium”: “Because the cell is forced (e. g. through an attack by pathogens) to oscillate under conditions which differ from the particular conditions of its existence, it is no longer capable of living normally: it is a sick cell. To heal it, one must apply an oscillation of the appropriate frequency and amplitude which will restore its deficient energy and return it to health and its original normal state.”
The successful use of bioresonance therapy today confirms the accuracy of Lakhovsky’s statement.
Literature (15, 16) shows that BICOM bioresonance therapy can influence microstructures in the organism through the body water. With this therapy it is possible to transfer information in form of electromagnetic oscillations onto the body water, thereby to reduce or eliminate oscillations by noxious substances and to eliminate noxious substances from the human body.
1 MECKE, R.: “Krafte in Fliissigkeiten” [Forces in liquids] in: Zeitschrift fir Elektrochemie, 52, 6, 269-282, (1948); and “Zur Thermodynamik der Wasserstoffbriickenbindung” [On the thermodynamics of hydrogen bridge bonds] in: Med. Zeitschrift Elektrochemie, 52, 3, (1948)
2 NEMETY and SCHERAGA, J.: Chem. Phys. 35/12, 3382 (1962)
3 ENGLER, I. “Wasser und Sauerstoff-Energetisierung” [Energising water and oxygen], Deutscher Spurbuchverlag, p. 31, (1996), ISBN 3-88778-235-6
4 FROHLicH, H., KREMER, F.: “Coherent Excitations in Biological Systems”. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo, (1983)
5 “Wasser und Information”: Aspekte homoopathischer Forschung [“Water and information”: aspects of homeopathic research], edited by the Institut fiir strukturelle medizinische Forschung e.V. and by the Physiologischen Institut der Universitat Graz, ISBN 3- 77660-1232-3, (1993)
6 ENGLER, Ivan (ed.) “Wasser” [Water], Sommer Verlag GmbH, (1991), ISBN 3-925367- 50-0
7 KNEISSLER, Michael, PM-Magazin, (1998)
8 TRINCHER, K. “Die Gesetze der biologischen Thermodynamik” [The laws of biological thermodynamics] Urban und Schwarzenberg, Vienna, Munich, Baltimore, (1981) and
“Das biothermodynamische Grundgesetz” [The fundamental law of biothermodynamics] in: Zytobiologische Revue, 2, (1985)
9 SCHMIDT, K., NORMAN SCHMIDT, S.”Die Wasserstruktur und ihre Bedeutung als Informationstrager” [The structure of water and its significance as an information carrier], Institut Aco de Paou, F-04200 Valemes (1999)
10 FROHLICH, H.: “Int. J. Quant. Chem.” 2, 641 (1968)
11 SCHWENK, T. “Das Wasser, Herausforderung an das modeme Bewusstsein” [Water, a challenge for modern awareness], Herrischried (1985)
12 EMOTO, M. “The Message from Water”, ISBN 4-939098-00-1
13 FELSCH, H.: “Annaherung an das Wassenitselanhand der Grander®Technologie” [Grandersivrechnologie’s approach to the water mystery], Uranus Verlag Vienna, (2000)
14 LAKHOVSKY, G.: “Das Geheimnis des Lebens” [The secret of life] VGN-Verlag far Ganzheitsmedizin, Essen, first published 1931, new edition ISBN 3-88699999-8
15 KREISL, P.: “Untersuchungen zur Transdulction von Essigsaure Information iiber einen elektronischen Verstarker” [Investigations on the transduction of acetic acid information via an electronic amplifier], durchgefiihrt [carried out by]: N. ROJKO VUGA und Dr. A. JEGLIC, Ljubliana, Erfahrungsheilkunde Acta medica empirica 7/1998, Band 47, K. F. Haug Verlag, Heidelberg.
16 BAUMANN, A.K.: “Study of the elimination of mercury from the human body by means of bioresonance therapy”, REGUMED Institut, RTI Volume 26 (2002), 92-101.